March 18, 2013

CENSUS BUREAU DATA SHOWS DISABLED WORKERS LESS LIKELY TO BE EMPLOYED AND MORE LIKELY TO HOLD LOWER PAID JOBS

The report was released on March 14, 2012 and may be viewed at http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/american_community_survey_acs/cb13-47.html. The report is based on statistics between 2008 and 2010, which may be viewed at http://www.census.gov/people/disabilityemptab/data/. The data show that overall, non-disabled people were about three times more likely to have jobs, and that disabled people accounted for 9.4 million of the 155.9 million (or 6.0%) of the civilian labor force.

The report contains several interesting breakdowns. For example, Table 1 shows that more than 50% of disabled employees worked at the following four jobs:

Table 1

 

Service workers *

 

 

18.2%

 

 

Administrative support

 

 

15.1%

 

 

Sales workers

 

 

10.4%

 

 

Management, business and finance

 

 

8.9%

 

* Does not include protective services

Table 2 shows the jobs with the highest number (and percentages) of employees for jobs with the highest number of disabled workers.

Table 2

 

Janitors/building cleaners

 

 

315,000 (11.8%)

 

 

Drivers/sales workers and truck drivers

 

 

263,000 (9.9%)

 

 

Cashiers

 

 

256,000 (9.6%)

 

 

Retail salespeople

 

 

223,000 (8.4%)

 

Table 3 shows the disability rates among occupations with 100,000 or more people.

Table 3

 

Dishwashers

 

 

14.3%

 

 

Refuse & recyclable material collectors

 

 

11.9%

 

 

Janitors and building cleaners

 

 

11.8%

 

Table 4 shows the employment numbers for janitors and building cleaners, which were the most common jobs for disabled non-Hispanic whites, disable non-Hispanic blacks, and disabled Hispanics.

Table 4

 

Non-Hispanic whites

 

 

184,000

 

 

Non-Hispanic blacks

 

 

60,000

 

 

Hispanics

 

 

54,000

 

Table 5 shows the employment numbers for the three most common jobs for disabled men.

Table 5

 

Drivers/sales workers and truck drivers

 

 

246,000

 

 

Janitors and building cleaners

 

 

217,000

 

 

Laborers, freight, stock, material movers

 

 

171,000

 

Table 6 shows the employment numbers for the three most common jobs for disabled women.

Table 6

 

Cashiers

 

 

195,000

 

 

Secretaries and administrative assistants

 

 

189,000

 

 

Nursing, psychiatric and home health aides

 

 

172,000

 

Two other points to note in the report are that (1) 46 percent of disabled workers worked full time, year-round compared with 62 percent of non-disabled workers, and (2) People with disabilities accounted for 6.3 percent of the male civilian labor force and 5.7 percent of the female civilian labor force.

The employment tabulations from 2008 to 2010 may be found at http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/searchresults.xhtml?refresh=t.

by Art Gutman Ph.D., Professor, Florida Institute of Technology

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