New York City Local Law 144
NYC Local Law 144 governs the use of automated employment decision tools (AEDTs) used to make hiring and promotion decisions in NYC. Employers using AEDTs must enlist an independent auditor to conduct a bias audit using historical or test data and publish a report of adverse impact results and methodology for applicants when a hiring or promotion decision is made or assisted by algorithmically-driven mechanisms. Employers must also provide notice to applicants that includes a disclosure about the use of any AEDTs in hiring and promotion, details of the qualifications and characteristics being evaluated, identification of the data being used and the data retention policy, and the process for requesting an alternative assessment.
What should I be doing about this law?
There still remains some uncertainty surrounding whether an assessment is classified as an AEDT under the law. Various factors come into play, including the assessment's functionality and development process, the underlying methods used, and how and where an employer uses an assessment. There are steps your organization can take to determine if compliance with this law is necessary and, if so, how to achieve it.
1) Get the right people involved in the discussion including legal counsel, talent acquisition, decision makers, and experts in selection practices and adverse impact measurement, such as Industrial/Organizational (I/O) Psychologists.
2) Identify any assessments being used in selection processes for jobs located in or reporting to an office in NYC.
3) Evaluate internally or through an external auditor whether each assessment could be considered an AEDT under the law's definitions.
4) Identify an independent auditor to conduct bias audits of the AEDTs, the relevant data needed to conduct the bias audit, and documentation needed for required disclosures.